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練一練|山東省學位英語完形填空題型練習(二)

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發表時間:2023-12-09 14:30

如果你在某個題目上遇到了困難,不要灰心喪氣。完形填空需要的是綜合能力和細心,你可以通過多做練習和閱讀來提高你的語言技能。祝你好運!現在,讓我們開始這場充滿挑戰的完形填空之旅吧!

完形填空練習題(1)

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閱讀下面短文,掌握其大意,然后從1~15各題所給的 A、BC和D項中,選出最佳選項。

If you give employees the right to telework, be careful! The very technology that enables working from home could be --1-- its value to your company. Although productivity may increase in the short term, working from home may prevent your teams from working --2--.

While remote workers may indeed be happier, more carefree and --3--.that doesn't mean it's good for their --4-- .A company is more than just the work that needs to be done, plus the workers who are there to do it.

A healthy organization has a --5-- that allows the sharing of values and ideas and the --6-- of competitive spirit that allows a company to be flexible and creative. However, working from home can fail to motivate remote workers in the same way as a/an --7-- company environment. As a result,companies --8-- despite the increases in productivity and happiness that come with teleworking.

In work environments where co-workers socialize and have --9-- lunchtime chats,some real learning gets done. A lot of information --10-- takes place,which allows the very same workers to increase their --11-- to the organization, There is something --12-- about spending the time together, about sharing meals, about --13-- ideas, and about asking.

Magical or not, the fact remains that teleworking generally doesn’t work well .As technological change --14-- and marketplace pressures increase, companies need to become more flexible and creative,just to keep up.

Strange as it sounds, the very technology that made teleworking a real option is now requiring workers to remain in the --15--.

1.A.testing           

B.destroying       

C.keeping         

D.assessing

2.A.effectively         

B.normally       

C.formally         

D.separately

3.A.attentive           

B.talkative       

C.productive       

D.sensitive

4.A.workers           

B.companies       

C.health           

D.family

5.A.leader             

B.rule           

C.party           

D.culture

6.A.sense             

B.cost           

C.way             

D.lack

7.A.independent     

B.different         

C.special         

D.shared

8.A.develop           

B.survive         

C.suffer         

D.expand

9.A.official             

B.regular       

C.required         

D.planned

10.A.exchange           

B.technology   

C.gap           

D.search

11.A.availability           

B.damage     

C.value         

D.disappointment

12.A.reasonable           

B.magical       

C.psychological   

D.typical

13.A.discussing           

B.changing     

C.welcoming       

D.selling

14.A.varies               

B.differs       

C.accelerates       

D.stops

15.A.place               

B.house       

C.distance         

D.office

[語篇解讀]

本文為議論文。作者論述了遠程辦公/在家辦公帶來的弊端。

1.B 通讀全文可知,作者不贊成遠程辦公 (telework),認為它可能會破壞科技給公司帶來的價值。A測試;保持;D對··進行評估。

2.A 雖然短期內生產效率有所提高,但是遠程辦公可能會妨礙團隊有效地工作。B正常地;C正式地;D分離地。

3.C 遠程工作人員的確能感到工作更加輕松愉快且富有成效。第一段最后一句productivity may increase 以及第三段最后一句 the increases i productivity 都有提示。A注意的,專心的;B健談的,D敏感的。

4.B 文章主要講述遠程辦公對公司的影響,故這里指不會給公司帶來益處

5.D 下文 company environment提示,這里指團隊擁有的文化氛圍。A領導;B 規則;C

聚會。

6.A the sense of competitive spirit 競爭感,競爭意識。B成本;C方法;D缺乏

7.D A. independent獨立的;B. different不同的;C. special特殊的;D. shared共享的。然而,在家中的工作不能夠激勵遠程工作人員,以相同的方式共享公司的環境。

8.C 盡管遠程辦公帶來了工作效率和幸福指數的提升,但是公司遭受了損失。A發展

B幸存;D擴大。

9.B 午餐時間是固定的、習慣性的,故應說 have regular time chats (有定時的午餐閑聊)。A官方的;C必需的,D 有計劃的。

10.A 同事之間的應酬和午餐時間的閑聊促使了信息交流的發生。B 技術,C缺口,差距,D搜索。

11.C 大量的信息交流能夠增長員工對公司的價值。A有效性,可用性 B毀D失望

12.B 下文Magical or not 給出了提示這里指員工花時間在一起相處會產生神奇的效果A合理的;C心理的;D 典型的。

13.A 選項中只有A頂貼近前文提到的 share,exchange,即 discussing ideas(交流/討論想法)。B 改變;C歡迎,D出售。

14.C“科技變革增速 (accelerate)與and 后“市場壓力增長(increase)” 相呼應。A變化,B相異,D停止

15.D 綜合全文觀點,作者得出的結論自然是員工仍須留在公司辦公室內工作。

完形填空練習題(2)

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閱讀下面短文,掌握其大意,然后從各題所給的 A、B、C和D項中,選出最佳選項。

I woke up this morning with a fright !

There appeared to be a mouse in my bed tickling my nose and --1-- scratching me. It had to be a mouse, for those tiny sharp little nails were scratching me all across my --2--。

It couldn't have been a(n) --3-- as I didn't own any pets; it couldn’t have been a rat,because if what I had read about rats was --4-- , their sharp teeth could --5-- their way through solid stone. They do this because their front teeth never stop growing and this is the only way to keep them --6--。

I didn’t dare to open my eyes and face the --7-- of the disgusting mouse in the bed with me. I felt so dirty and --8-- .I didn’t want to change my position either,--9-- the mouse would slide onto other areas of my body, which would --10-- give me horrible dreams for years to come!

Despite my fears, I finally decided to swiftly --11--the mouse away. But it --12-- ! I did it

again and again and it kept coming back,every single time.

There was no way out. I had to face my enemy. I took a breath, gathered my --13-- and slowly opened my eyes. To my relief, I saw something far --14--than a mouse and it all came back tome.

I had put my baby daughter   into bed beside me after her first bottle in the morning .That also reminded me: I need trim (修剪)her --15--.

1.A.warmly               

B.lightly           

C.wildly     

D.thoroughly

2.A.foot                   

B.hand           

C.stomach     

D.face

3.A.mouse                 

B.insect             

C.cat           

D.fly

4.A.true                     

B.suitable           

C.interesting     

D.clear

5.A.fight                       

B.pull           

C.carve         

D.wind

6.A.strong                   

B.sharp             

C.slim         

D.short

7.A.horror                   

B.thought               

C.risk       

D.cost

8.A.tired                     

B.stupid         

C.uncomfortable   

D.disappointed

9.A.hoping             

B.fearing               

C.assuming       

D.doubting

10.A.gradually             

B.temporarily           

C.surely       

D.hardly

11.A.throw                 

B.brush             

C.keep             

D.send

12.A.returned             

B.repeated           

C.dropped       

D.Stayed

13.A.memories             

B.thoughts           

C.energy         

D.courage

14.A.softer             

B.cuter                   

C.uglier           

D.worse

15.A hair                   

B.feet             

C.nails               

D.fingers

【解析】

1.B 在我的床上似乎有一只小耗子正在輕輕地(lightly )抓我,弄得我子癢癢的。warmly   ad暖和地,熱烈地;wildly   劇烈地,拼命地;.thoroughly ad徹底地,完全地。

2.D 一定是只小耗子,因為它正在用尖細的小指甲抓撓我的面部(face)。上文“tick my

nose”提示這是來自面部的感覺。

3.C 根據“..as I didn’t to pets”可知,這里指貓(cat)。Insect n.昆蟲 fly n蒼蠅。

4.A 它不可能是一只大老鼠,如果我對老鼠的了解是正確的 (true)話,它們鋒利的牙齒可以啃透堅硬的石頭。suitable a合適的,適宜的;interesting a 有趣的;clear a清晰的,晴朗的。

5.C 動詞 carve意為“雕、刻”,用在這里可以形家地描繪出老鼠鋒利的牙齒作用在石頭上的樣子。fight   戰斗,打架;pull.拉,拖,wind搖動,纏繞。

6.D 老鼠的門牙會不停地生長,所以只有通過啃咬堅硬的物體,才能使牙齒變短(short)保持合適的長度以便于吃東西。

7.A 想到討厭的小耗子竟和我在一張床上,我就不敢睜開眼睛去面對這種恐怖。

8.C 床上有只小耗子,還不停地抓撓你,那種感覺肯定是不舒服(uncomfortable ),而不是疲倦的(tried)、愚嘉的 (stupid)或失望的 (disappointed)。

9.B 我也不想改換姿勢,唯恐這只小耗子會鉆到我身體其他部位去,那樣肯定會成為我未來歲月中可怕的夢魘。fearing (that)”body 是現在分詞短語作目的狀語,fear 意為“害怕,畏懼”。

10.C surely   確實,一定gradually ad逐漸地temporarily ad暫時地hardly 幾乎不

11.B 根據上下文語境可知,作者這時仍然沒敢睜開眼睛,做不到準確地拿起耗子扔掉(throw away),所以是想用手把耗子快速地拂掉(brush away)。keep away 遠離;send away 把···....···打發走,送往另一個地方。

12.A 根據下文“. back,every single time”可知,小耗子趕走又回來了!return v.返回,歸還;repeat v.重復; drop v.落下,下降; stay 逗留。

13.D 我深吸了一口氣,鼓足勇氣慢慢睜開了眼睛。

14.B 根據下文“I had put my baby daughter   into bed beside me..”可知,身邊躺著的是我的女兒,那自然是遠比一只耗子可愛(cute)多了。

15.C 這一番經歷提醒我,該給女兒修剪指甲了 (nails )。

完形填空練習題(3)

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閱讀下面短文,掌握其大意,然后從各題所給的 A、B、C和D項中,選出最佳選項。

ebron james isn't the first high school basketball player to go straight into then , but he's probably the best. he has the body, skills and the basketball brain of an all-star (全明星球員) this --1-- was on --2-- as he scored 41 points to take clevel and cavallers (克里夫蘭騎士隊) to a 107-104 win over the new jerseynets (新澤西網隊) on march 28. aged of 19 years and 87 days, james became the--3-- player to score 40 or more in the nba. "it was by far james' best.--4-- ," said cleveland coach paul silas.known to his friends --5-- "the king", this was the day james earned his crown(王冠). but he was --6--. from being a king during a childhood spent in the back streets of . --7--. many other african-american basketball players, james' early years were a --8--   . his mother   was just 16 when she gave birth to him; he knows nothing about his father mother and son battled for everything from food to a place to live. --9-- help from his grandmother and neighbors, james’ would --10-- have died when he was young. this spirit of survival has served him well on court, forcing him to take any --11-- he finds. "i --12-- losing, i don't like losing," said james’ of his41-point display. "i --13-- the opportunity for us to win and i was --14-- to capture it." at 2.03 meters, he is no   but this didn't --15-- him being first choice in 2003 nba draft. this was --16--   to his strength and skill,much of which he learned from high school America football.

although he has a ---17-- brain, james has never had to concentrate on --18-- . some people think this is a mistake and say he should have gone to college to --19-- his mind. but james is one of the lucky few who has found fame and fortune --20-- a diploma (文先) on the court, he is king.

1.A.performance     

B.activity   

C.action     

D.talent

2.A.sale           

B.exhibition   

C.show     

D.duty

3.A.oldest           

B.strongest     

C.tallest   

D.youngest

4.A.performance     

B.lesson   

C.action       

D.appearance

5.A.for             

B.as         

C.by         

Dwith

6.A.well           

B.far         

C.deep       

D.late

7.A.as               

B.like       

C.likely       

D.alike

8.A.fight         

B.struggle           

C.bat           

D.war

9.A.except for     

B.except             

C.besides         

D.without

10.A.certainly       

B.impossible         

C.hardly       

D.probably

11.A.goal         

B.game               

C.match       

D.chance

12.A.hate       

B.refuse             

C.object         

D.reject

13.A.grasped       

B.seized           

C.caught           

D.held

14.A.afraid         

B.unlucky           

C.able         

D.certain

15.A.keep         

B.forbid             

C.protect         

D.stop

16.A.according       

B.referring         

C.thanks         

D.sticking

17.A.fast           

B.quick           

C.high             

D.top

18.A.studying         

B.resting         

C.sleeping         

D.eating

19.A.advance           

B.march         

C.increase         

D.develop

20.A.apart from         

B.but           

C.except           

D.without

【解析】

這是一篇介紹美國素有NBA籃球“小皇帝"之稱詹姆士,勒布朗成長歷程的短文。詹姆士勒布朗,新一代的NBA籃球王。他,取勝欲望強,得分能力高,把握機會好,簡直是一個全才。獲得 2006 年全明星賽 MVP(最有價值球員)。然而這位年輕的籃球天才的成長過程也充滿了艱辛,可謂一路"掙扎"。

1.D talent 是"天才"或"天賦"的意思。

2.C 3月28日當他帶領克里夫蘭騎士隊以107:104擊敗新澤西網隊時這種能力顯示了出來,在這場比賽中他一人獨得 41 分。這種能力指上文所提的全明星球員在身體技術和智力方面的綜合素質。

3.D 由上文提到的19歲87 天反推該空強調。

4.A 一場比寬個人得分過40 分或更多是一種好的表現。

5.B known as,"作為......是有名的”,符合題意。

6.B 由下文介紹的童年時期不幸生活反推,那時他還遠不是一個球王。

7.B 分析語境可知,該空表"像......一樣"。

8.B 由下文所介紹的童年不幸生活反推, 的童年生活是一種掙扎。

9.D without 是介詞在這里表示"如果沒有”的意思,充當條件狀語。

10.D 沒有祖母和鄰居的幫助,也許很小的時候就死了。

11.D take any chance,"利用機會”,符合題意。

12.A下文的 don't like 暗示該空應填 hate。

13.B seize the opportunity,"抓住機會”,與語境邏輯相符。

14.C 分析語境可知,該空表"能夠",應填able。

15.D stop sb.(from) doing sth.,"阻止某人做某事”,符合題意若將 stop 改為keep,from 不可省,所以a錯誤。

16.C 分析語境可知,該空表"多虧了”,應填 thanks。

17.B 強調”聰明的、反應快的",應用 quick,而不用fast。

18.A 下文的 college 暗示該空應填 studying。

19.D 上大學的目的是開發智力,因此該空應填 develop。

20.D james 成了沒有文憑而成名的幸運者。



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